Our planet is in an extremely delicate state. The increase in pollution in recent years has created consequences that we are already witnessing. What are these effects? The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) released a report in early 2020 detailing the state of our planet’s climate. The conclusions obtained in the said report were worrisome. These data went unnoticed because the planet had its sights set on China where a virus emerged, which would later overwhelm the world population.
The Paris Agreement had agreed to keep the temperature rise below two degrees Celsius by the end of the century. 2019 was the second warmest year of the decade, topping the average temperature at 1.1 degrees.
Climate change is not something associated with the future, but on the contrary, it is a situation that affects today. Below, we list some of the effects of climate change that we can see right now.
The rise in temperatures affects all areas, including the oceans. In the last quarter of a decade, the sea has received an amount of heat equivalent to 3.6 billion nuclear explosions. This effect produces the rise in sea level and alters currents, even modifying the path of storms.
It also produces the loss of ice at the north and south pole. Greenland has lost over 200 gigatons of ice in the last 10 years, consequently causing a rise in sea level.
Another effect is drought, which affected many regions of Asia, which experienced the driest years of the decade. The rainfall was low and this fostered the growth of forest fires and the destruction of ecosystems.
The rise in temperatures affects our health. In summer, due to this situation, many people suffer from heatstroke. Some countries have registered more than one hundred fatalities and more than 20,000 hospitalized by heatwaves.
Another effect of climate change is that cyclonic activity has increased its average. Last year, over 70 cyclones occurred in the northern hemisphere, and the average increased to thirty cyclones in the southern hemisphere.
On the other hand, many countries have suffered some floods due to extreme rain conditions. This leads to human and economic losses due to the destruction of infrastructure.
Famines and Epidemics
The above meteorological effects put food in many areas of the planet at risk. About thirty countries are estimated to be mired in a food crisis due to global warming.
Finally, due to high temperatures, the expansion of viruses that were previously controlled increases. An example of this is dengue, a virus that was under control, but that in recent years has multiplied in a number of cases, and that can affect half of the planet’s population.
With these effects, we are witnessing a fact that we can still stop. Reducing pollution makes it possible to lower the Earth’s average temperature before it is too late.